Pragati, Koraput

Enhances the socio-economic well-being of forest-dependent communities, small and marginal farmers, women-led households, and migrant families in the most vulnerable regions of Odisha

  • Bronze Certified 2023
  • FCRA
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  • Headquarters

    Koraput, Odisha

  • Since


Pragati, Koraput, is a Non-Government organization(NGO) established in 1994 with the vision “To build a self-reliant society, free from hunger and exp Read moreloitation, where everyone irrespective of caste, creed, sex or language have right to dignified means of livelihood and through collective action ensure socio-economic justice and ecological balance”. The organization is presently working with poor and marginalized households, mostly the small and marginal farmers and forest dependent people in South Odisha, primarily focusing on natural resource management, sustainable agriculture, climate change adaptation, Disaster Preparedness, Risk Reduction and Women empowerment. It has promoted women Self Help Groups, Producer Groups and their Companies for collective farming, value addition and marketing of the local produces. The organisation has strategy to work through People’s Organizations, ensures compliance and accountability to its donors and other stakeholders. It has partnered with EdelGive Foundation, National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development    (NABARD), Government of Odisha under the Odisha Millet Mission, IFAD-Indigenous People’s Assistance Fund, International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) , ICRISAT, Chance Foundation, USA,HDFC and Great Eastern CSR Foundation. It has collaborated with research institutions and resource agencies like ICAR-CTCRI, ICAR-IISWC, ICAR-CIWA,ICAR-CIFA and KARMA, Start up from Indian Institute of Technology, Bhubaneswar who provide relevant technology and research supports. It works with Government and different  civil society organizations. Pragati has been awarded at national and international level for its work, good governance and transparency.


Interventions and Achievements • Organized 1,274 village communities into Village Forest Committees (VFCs), covering 172,131 households, leading the protection and conservation of their village forests while establishing their own regulations and rules. • Conducted training programs for federation leaders, Panchayati Raj representatives, line department officials, and volunteers to facilitate the proper implementation of the historic Forest Rights Act after its enactment. • Enabled the submission of claims from 46,742 forest land-dependent families, with claims of 27,676 families settled over 42,408.44 acres of land. Of the titles issued, 24,262 families received joint titles, and 784 single women obtained land titles in their names. • Facilitated 1,107 Village communities to submit claims for community rights, with 58 claims settled. The forest-dependent people's federations continue to protect their village forests and advocate for the settlement of community rights. • Formed 124 Village Development Committees (VDCs) representing 6,757 families in Nandapur Block. • Established 25 Village Management Committees (VMCs) representing 1,369 families in Koraput Block. • Formed Panchayat-level federations in 10 Gram Panchayats, and VDCs and VMCs have been organized into 12 Panchayat Federations. Additionally, two Block Federations are established in Nandapur and Koraput Blocks. • Organized 10,443 small and marginal farmers from 176 villages into 176 Farmers Clubs. • Facilitated the organization of 3,118 farmers from 92 villages into 218 Producer Groups for collective farming and marketing of their produce. Key Achievements: • Mobilized 124 VDCs in Nandapur Block and 25 VMCs in Koraput Block to ensure the safety net programs of the government and promote government schemes. • Eleven Panchayat-level Federations played a crucial role in securing approval for village development plans in Gram Sabhas, as well as following up on their implementation. Block federations mobilized government schemes and programs. • Linked 93 Farmers Clubs with NABARD, enabling 1,726 farmers to access government agriculture and horticulture schemes. • Implemented SRI (System of Rice Intensification) in 8,694 acres of land, benefitting 11,443 farmers and significantly contributing to food security and increased yields. • Reduced dependence on external inputs as farmers began using indigenous seeds, organic nutrient, and pest management practices. • Mechanized weeding has reduced the workload for women, as men share the responsibilities in weeding, leading to labor cost savings. • Established an Agro Service Center in Nandapur Block, offering equipment and machinery for hire to local farmers at subsidized prices. • Provided seed and input support, farm equipment, organic manure kits, and irrigation infrastructure. • Introduced vegetable cultivation in 718 acres, reaching 1,065 families, with farmers achieving a net income of approximately INR 35,000 to 55,000 per acre through organic practices. • Established a linkage with the National Horticulture Mission for the procurement of quality seeds, distributing 1,215 quintals to 918 farmers for potato cultivation on 334 acres. • Produced 240 videos in local languages, documenting improved crop management practices, organic farming, traditional knowledge, and innovations by farmers. • Organized 15,786 disseminations for 1,925 farmers, resulting in the adoption of sustainable farm technologies and improved practices. • The technology allowed women to access information and technology, breaking cultural, social, and political barriers that previously limited their access. • Trained 1,140 women farmers on improved agriculture practices and engaged 2,000 women farmers in 178 Producer Groups for collective farming using organic practices. • Distributed farm equipment to 2,000 women farmers, including improved sickles, hand hoes, khurpas, finger weeders, and sprayers, reducing the drudgery of farm operations. • Women farmers adopted improved technologies, such as SRI Paddy by 918 farmers in 606 acres, Ragi intensification by 253 farmers in 138.5 acres, vegetable cultivation taken up by 1,650 farmers in 352 acres, pulses by 320 farmers in 164, and tuber crops grown by 2,200 women farmers. • Ensured joint land titles for 24,262 families and provided 784 single women with forest land titles in their names, contributing to increased access to credit, technology, and reduced gender-based violence. • Formed 316 Self-Help Groups (SHGs) with 3,892 women members of low-income families involved in micro-credit, with 186 SHGs engaged in income generation programs. Group membership increased access to information, participation in community activities, and local self-governance. • Established 178 Women Producer Groups in Kotpad and Koraput blocks, covering 2,000 women farmers involved in organic farming. • Formed two women Producer Cooperatives in Koraput and Kotpad blocks to enable collective marketing of their produce. Climate Change Awareness for School Children: • Conducted cluster and district-level workshops for school cabinets, bringing together 500 school children for interactive sessions with teachers, academicians, media, and government officials. These learning programs extended into local communities as children began spreading messages for the conservation of resources and the environment. • Encouraged 200 children from different schools in the district to express their thoughts on climate change effects and solutions through paintings, essays, posters, and slogans. • Initiated discussions among school children about the causes and effects of climate change and engaged them in conversations about local conservation initiatives, such as forest protection, halting tree felling, and water conservation, within their peer groups, families, and villages. Renewable Energy: • Installed solar home lighting systems for 820 families, reducing kerosene consumption by almost 9,840 liters per year and preventing the release of approximately 984 tons of carbon dioxide. • Installed solar pump irrigation systems in five villages, benefiting 77 small and marginal farmers who previously used diesel pump sets, reducing annual diesel consumption by almost 1,100 liters. • Demonstrated solar cook stoves for 60 households, reducing the drudgery of women and lessening the pressure on firewood. Disaster Risk Reduction: • Facilitated communities in 51 villages to map risks and vulnerabilities related to the effects of climate change, resulting in the development of contingency plans. • Strengthened forest protection and biodiversity conservation initiatives in 1,274 villages, leading to the cessation of tree felling and forest fires. Villagers have also undertaken seed and seedling plantations and practiced sustainable harvesting of forest products. • Implemented soil and water conservation measures, reducing resource degradation and enhancing community awareness, including resource management plans in Gram Sabhas and mobilization under government schemes like MGNREGS. • Provided support for landslide and flash flood-affected families in 2006, including immediate relief assistance and agriculture-based interventions. • Introduced model vegetable farming for landslide and cyclone-affected families in three villages in 2014 to address their immediate livelihood needs


  • Producer co-operatives

    Pragati Koraput is taking the initiative to establish Producer Groups at the village level, which are then integrated into Producer Cooperatives. This structure empowers them to access crucial services, information, and markets through both backward and forward linkages. Collaborative efforts enhance members' bargaining power, allowing for risk and cost-sharing. In areas like Koraput, where farmers are dispersed across challenging geographical terrain and face difficulties in transportation and communication, the importance of such organizations becomes even more pronounced.
    Currently, four Producer Cooperatives have been established in Nandapur, Koraput, and Kotpad block areas. Among these, two Cooperatives are exclusively comprised of women farmers, while the other two have mixed memberships. Anchalika Bahumukhi Samabaya Samiti, Ltd., a Cooperative Society established in Nandapur Block, boasts 1685 members and an annual turnover of INR 27,25,934.

  • Forest dependent people’s network

    Forest ecosystems not only serve as habitats and sources of sustenance for a significant portion of the indigenous population in Koraput district, where 50.66% of the residents belong to scheduled tribes, but indigenous communities also play a crucial role in the preservation and sustainable management of these ecosystems. However, their legal rights to natural resources remain ambiguous. Furthermore, the classification of indigenous territories as state-owned forest lands has historically led to conflicts between indigenous communities and government authorities.
    Since 1994, Pragati Koraput has been actively engaged in promoting community forest conservation and management through the establishment of Village Forest Committees, which are subsequently organized at the Panchayat and Block levels. At the district level, the Federation known as Koraput Jilla Banabasi Sangha (KJBS) encompasses 1,274 villages across 14 blocks within Koraput District.

  • Diversion based irrigation

    Pragati Koraput has initiated the implementation of Diversion Based Irrigation, employing gravity flow irrigation, solar water pumping systems, and Hydro Rams. These systems provide essential irrigation for rain-fed crops and support the year-round cultivation of off-season vegetables. Community engagement has played a crucial role in this endeavour, with local residents actively contributing to earthwork for pipeline installation.
    User groups have been established to take ownership of the process, manage water usage, and generate funds for the future maintenance and repair of these vital infrastructure developments.

  • Gravity based irrigation

    Pipe-based irrigation utilizes the force of gravity to direct water from nearby streams and rivers to agricultural fields. The system comprises a low barrier (weir) or embankment built across the water source to raise and divert water. A network of pipes is then employed to convey the water to the agricultural fields. These irrigation structures have been implemented in 47 villages, providing irrigation for 995 acres of land collectively owned by 1,266 farmers.

  • Solar irrigation systems

    Pragati Koraput has taken the initiative to promote cost-effective and environmentally friendly solar pump set irrigation. This approach involves the installation of solar panels and a pump set to lift water from perennial streams or other water sources. It has successfully demonstrated the effectiveness of solar irrigation systems in four villages, namely Sukriput, Dayanidhiguda, Mangra, and Lunging. These systems now provide irrigation for 77 acres of land owned by 70 farmers, enabling year-round crop cultivation.

  • Soil and water conservation

    Pragati Koraput has played a pivotal role in empowering communities to access, govern, and oversee their natural resources. This has been achieved through capacity-building initiatives within these communities, practical demonstrations of soil and water conservation techniques, and the establishment of irrigation infrastructure. These combined efforts have significantly boosted land utilization, crop productivity, and crop diversity, ultimately leading to an overall enhancement of the livelihoods of the rural population.

  • Community forest management

    The management of forests has long been a critical issue concerning rural livelihoods and environmental well-being. Amidst widespread deforestation and a rapid decline in forest cover in Koraput, it is noteworthy that many local communities have taken the initiative to protect and regenerate degraded forest patches. Pragati Koraput embarked on its journey by mobilizing communities to protect forests in a single Gram Panchayat, and this initiative has since expanded to cover the entire district.
    At the village level, Village Forest Committees have been established, which are then federated at the Panchayat and Block levels. Additionally, the formation of the Koraput Jilla Banabasi Sangha at the district level ensures the oversight of conservation efforts throughout the district.

  • System of crop intensification

    The System of Rice Intensification (SRI), originally developed for irrigated paddy production, has been extended to rain-fed regions in Koraput to enhance unirrigated rice production. This transformative approach, which began with just 11 small farmers in Kharif 2006, has now been adopted by an impressive 11,443 farmers in Koraput District.
    The dissemination of SRI technology is accomplished through a variety of means, including video presentations, skills training, the development of a cadre of service providers, practical demonstrations, the provision of essential inputs, and recognition of successful farmers. SRI has substantially boosted productivity, contributing to the food security of small and marginal farmers. These smallholders continue to adhere to SRI principles due to its cost-effectiveness in terms of input and water requirements.

  • System of Millet (Ragi) Intensification (SMI)

    Despite the inherent advantages, finger millet production has been overlooked, traditional landraces are declining, and its share in the food supply is diminishing.
    Enhanced cultivation practices for finger millet have the potential to increase production and income for small-scale farmers, especially since finger millet is increasingly finding its place on urban dinner tables. Pragati introduced an Intensification method for finger millet in 2010, initially involving five farmers in the process.

  • Organic Vegetable Cultivation

    The vegetable sector in Koraput holds significant growth potential, yet its progress is hampered by factors such as low productivity, limited irrigation, insufficient storage infrastructure, and inefficient market connections. Pragati has taken steps to address these challenges by encouraging organic vegetable cultivation and the establishment of kitchen gardens. This intervention yields multiple benefits, including heightened household consumption of fresh produce, increased income for farmers, and improved soil health through the application of organic fertilizers.
    These efforts have encompassed various initiatives, such as organizing training sessions for farmers, establishing model farms, creating irrigation facilities, providing essential inputs, promoting producer groups, and facilitating cooperatives for collective farming and enhanced market access.

  • Information communication technology (ICT) for agriculture extension

    Pragati has been championing Digital Green technology across 195 villages in four blocks of Koraput District. This technology disseminates targeted agricultural information to small-scale and marginal farmers in the region through video presentations. The video content is tailored to local conditions, covering aspects such as crops, climate, farming practices, and indigenous knowledge. The result has been an increased adoption of improved farming practices and a reduction in investment costs.
    Local service providers are instrumental in this process, using Pico Projectors to screen the videos in small groups. These providers play a critical role in pausing or repeating content, maintaining records, encouraging audience discussion, and capturing valuable feedback.

  • District level women convention

    Pragati Koraput, in collaboration with the District Administration, has been hosting District-level Annual Women Conventions since 2009. The aim is to foster the collective strength of women, create an environment for mutual learning from best practices and idea exchange, acknowledge women's contributions to societal well-being, and celebrate their accomplishments alongside them.
    To date, six District-level Women Conventions have been organized, each bringing together approximately 1,000 women from across the district. These events provide a valuable platform for cross-learning and experience sharing among women from various parts of the district. They enable women's voices to be heard at the district level and in front of state and national policymakers. The conventions facilitate interactions with state-level representatives, including the Honorable Chief Minister of Odisha, the Governor of Odisha, Members of Parliament and state legislatures, social activists, government officials.

  • Empowering women farmers

    Women are integral to every facet of agriculture, from enriching the soil to the harvest and preservation of seeds for the next crop. However, they are often relegated to the roles of 'farmwives' or farm laborers rather than being recognized as farmers in their own right. They face barriers to accessing information, institutional credit, and extension services that would enable them to enhance their skills and expertise. Furthermore, with the advent of the Green Revolution, women have become vulnerable to health hazards stemming from the harmful effects of chemical farming.
    In this context, Pragati Koraput is dedicated to empowering women farmers. This empowerment involves enhancing their skills in eco-friendly farming practices and strengthening their organizations to foster improved production and collective marketing efforts.

  • Women self help groups and cooperatives

    Women's groups have emerged as a vibrant and articulate constituency, uniting women to collaborate beyond mere thrift and credit activities. These groups are committed to fostering the comprehensive development of their members in social, political, and economic domains. They have played a crucial role in reducing the vulnerability of impoverished women by creating assets, generating income, offering emergency support, and elevating their self-esteem and knowledge.
    Pragati’s efforts have revolved around organizing women into Self-Help Groups (SHGs), Producer Groups, and their Cooperatives, facilitating their integration with Panchayats and Blocks. This has heightened their awareness of social and political issues, leading to increased mobility and a reduction in the traditional seclusion of women. Simultaneously, it has contributed to household economies, bolstered their bargaining power within the household, and significantly decreased their dependence on men.

  • Climate change awareness for school children

    The accelerating degradation of the environment has its most profound impact on children and youngsters. They represent the next generation of water consumers and environmental custodians within households and communities. Their ability to coexist harmoniously with nature and effectively manage and preserve local water, air, and land resources is of utmost importance.
    To transform them into effective agents of change, avenues must be available for translating their knowledge into advocacy and action. Recognizing that schools provide an ideal platform for enhancing children's environmental awareness, Pragati Koraput has initiated interventions with School Children's Cabinets focused on climate change awareness.

  • Climate smart agriculture

    The vast majority of rural residents rely on local ecosystems to sustain their livelihoods. Rain-fed agriculture has been and will remain the primary source of staple food production for most of the rural population in Koraput. These communities are currently grappling with the challenges posed by fluctuations in rainfall, and predictions regarding the effects of climate change indicate that this variability is likely to intensify. Over the past decade, there has been a recurring pattern of droughts and flash floods, which disrupt agriculture, ultimately leading to food insecurity and an increase in poverty among rural residents.
    Given this context, Pragati Koraput has actively promoted climate-smart agriculture and climate-resilient cropping systems. These efforts aim to empower the rural poor to adapt to the effects of climate change.

  • Renewable energy

    A significant portion of the rural population in Koraput relies on fossil fuels like kerosene and diesel for home lighting and irrigation, as well as firewood for cooking. These fuel-based practices for lighting, irrigation, and cooking result in the release of toxic smoke and carbon dioxide, contributing to global warming and climate change, and posing serious health risks, particularly to women and infants. Considering these challenges, Pragati Koraput is actively involved in promoting the use of solar energy for home lighting, irrigation, and cooking, offering clean energy solutions to rural residents while simultaneously addressing the broader issue of climate change. Transitioning from solid fuels to cleaner energy sources like solar power holds the potential for the most significant reduction in indoor air pollution levels while mitigating the environmental impacts of energy consumption.

  • Disaster risk reduction

    While natural disasters have a devastating impact on those who experience them, the rural poor are particularly vulnerable due to their poverty, limited awareness, and lack of coping mechanisms. In this context, it is essential for communities to be prepared to withstand disasters, and initiatives for risk reduction must be in place to safeguard both livelihoods and lives in the event of a natural catastrophe.
    Over the past decade, the communities in the intervention areas have endured three prolonged dry spells leading to drought-like conditions, three flash floods accompanied by landslides, and one cyclone. To enhance the resilience of these communities in the face of such challenges, Pragati Koraput has taken action to promote disaster preparedness and reduce disaster risks. This includes implementing land and water management practices, empowering communities to access institutional and technical resources, and enabling them to respond effectively to emergencies when they occur.

Impact Metrics

  • No. of Farmer Producer Groups (Fpg)

    Year-wise Metrics
    • 2019-20 351
    • 2020-21 436
    • 2021-22 476
  • No.Of Farmers in Fpgs

    Year-wise Metrics
    • 2019-20 9085
    • 2020-21 11886
    • 2021-22 18665
  • Land Cultivated (In Ha)Using Solar Power

    Year-wise Metrics
    • 2019-20 146
    • 2020-21 242
    • 2021-22 96

Leadership Team

  • Rupamudra Sahu

    Program Executive

  • Lunda Panda

    Executive Director

  • Sagarika Mishra

    Communication and Documentation Coordinator

  • Preeti Kumari

    Research Officer

Demographics & Structure

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  • Formal CEO Oversight & Compensation Policy


Political & Religious Declarations

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Registration Details

  • PAN Card


  • Registration ID

    No. Kpt-2035-4/94-95

  • VO ID / Darpan ID


  • FCRA


  • CSR Registration Number

    Not Available


Other Details

  • Parent Organisation

    Pragati Koraput

  • Type & Sub Type


Financial Details

 Income / Expenses
  • 2018-19

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  • 2019-20

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  • 2020-21

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  • 2021-22

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